High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Treatment in Rock Spring, Wyoming
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, occurs when the pressure of the blood flowing against the artery walls is above the normal range. Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood the heart pumps and the blood flow resistance in the arteries. If the heart pumps more blood than normal, and the arteries are narrower than normal, the result is high blood pressure. Untreated high blood pressure can cause serious health problems, including heart attack, kidney failure and stroke. There are two types of high blood pressure: primary and secondary. Primary hypertension is high blood pressure that develops gradually over the course of time, and secondary hypertension is high blood pressure that results from an underlying medical condition.
Blood Pressure Diagnosis and Measurement
Blood pressure is commonly measured during a physical exam. An inflatable arm cuff is fit around the arm and measures the blood pressure using a pressure-measuring gauge.
This gauge yields two sets of numbers. The first number is the systolic reading, which is the pressure when the heart is beating. The second number is the diastolic number, the pressure when the heart is resting.High blood pressure occurs when the systolic reading is at 140 or higher and the diastolic reading is 90 or above.